DOI: 10.33098/2078-6670.2018.6.18.10-16 Andrukhiv O. I. Legal measures of the organization of the Soviet system for the education of homeless children (on the example of the western regions)
Andrukhiv O. I. Legal measures of the organization of the Soviet system for the education of homeless children (on the example of the western regions)
| Purpose. The purpose of our research is to analyze the legal foundations of the work of commissions for combating childhood homelessness and negligence, as well as measures for the labor and educational upbringing of minors in the western regions of the Ukrainian SSR in post-war years. Method. The methodology includes a detailed comprehensive analysis and synthesis of the source database – archival materials and statistical information of the investigated period, which had not been published before. At the same time, the comparative method allows singling out the peculiarities of Soviet and contemporary Ukrainian legislation in the field of counteracting children’s homelessness, as well as distinguishing conclusions and practical recommendations. Results. Analysis of the minutes of meetings of almost all executive committees of district councils of workers’ deputies on the issues of elimination of child homelessness and homelessness both in the Stanislaviv region and other western oblasts testifies that the «standard» self-criticism on the work of commissions, departments of education, militia, standing commissions, etc., however, from the meeting to the meeting, which considered the issue of work on the elimination of child homelessness and homelessness, offered the same «measures» for the «improvement» of work, from which the results tatty work in the coming years is not much different. Scientific novelty. Neither Ukrainian nor foreign lawyers paid attention to the study of legal principles of regulating the phenomenon of child homelessness, the activities of educational institutions, orphanages, and the elucidation of the motives of child crime. In addition, on the basis of previously unpublished archival materials, it was possible to provide statistical information on the quantity and quality of work of specialized commissions to combat childhood homelessness and negligence in the western regions of the Ukrainian SSR. Practical significance. The results of the study can be used in further historical, legal and historical studies that reveal the specifics of the legal status of Ukrainian lands in the Soviet era, as well as characterize the level of observance of human rights in the Ukrainian SSR.|
Key words: child homelessness, legal regulation, regulations, USSR, western regions, Soviet law, totalitarianism.