Issue № 13(25)
DOI: 10.33098/2078-6670.2022.13.25.85-90 Zhukova E. The influence of the concept of the significance of private interests of humans and citizens on the system of public governance
Zhukova E. The influence of the concept of the significance of private interests of humans and citizens on the system of public governance
Purpose. The aim of the study is to determine the peculiarities of the influence of the Soviet concept of the insignificance of the private interests of a person and a citizen in comparison with the interests of the state on the public administration system. Methods. The methodological basis of the study was general scientific and special methods of scientific research based on a systematic approach to the study of phenomena and processes. The article used the historical-legal and comparative legal methods, as well as the method of documentary analysis. Results. It is substantiated that the management system of the time when the Ukrainian lands became part of the USSR was characterized by: a) neglect of the principle of humanism, depreciation of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen defined in the Constitutions of the USSR and the Ukrainian SSR; b) the dual nature of public administration, which combined the real powers of the only ruling party in the state, and derivatives of the first powers of the authorities and local self-government, which were of a secondary nature and could not contradict the will and decision of the Communist Party; c) the organized and formal nature of many management processes, which was explained by the planned economy and the absence of private ownership of the means of production and the inability, as a result, to use the self-regulating mechanisms of the market economy; d) lack of effective feedback between the resolution of important public policy issues and their approval or disapproval by citizens. Scientific novelty. The features of the Soviet concept of state administration in terms of influence on the level of protection of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, the level of social activity and responsibility of society are determined. Practical significance. The results of the study can be used in further administrative and legal studies of public administration issues in the preparation of lectures and training sessions on administrative law.
Key words: public administration, human and civil rights, interests of the state, repressions, public policy, authority.
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